DC Memorials Pt. 1-The Mall

Printer Friendly Version

Washington, D.C. is a planned city. The design for the City of Washington was largely the work of Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant, a French-born architect who arrived during the American Revolutionary War. The architecture of Washington varies greatly. Six of the top 10 buildings in the American Institute of Architects' 2007 ranking of "America's Favorite Architecture" are located in the District of Columbia, including the Lincoln, Jefferson, and Vietnam memorial.

#1 - Vietnam Veterans Memorial
The memorial currently consists of three separate parts: the Three Soldiers statue, the Vietnam Women's Memorial, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall, which is the best-known part of the memorial. Veterans Memorial Wall consists of two 246ft long walls. The memorial originally contained 58,175 names, but more names were added afterwards. When a visitor looks upon the wall, his or her reflection can be seen simultaneously with the engraved names, which is meant to symbolically bring the past and present together.
Coordinants: 38.891243, -77.047695
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_Memorial
#2 - Lincoln Memorial
Demands for a fitting memorial had been voiced since the time of Lincoln's death, but it wasn't until 1914 that construction began. The memorial was completed in 1920, costing $300,000. After construction began, the decision was made to enlarge the statue of Lincoln from 10 feet to 19 feet to prevent it from being dwarfed by its huge chamber. The structure, constructed of Yule Marble, measures 189.7 by 118.5 feet and is 99 feet tall. It is surrounded by 36 fluted Doric columns, one for each of the 36 states in the Union at the time of Lincoln's death.
Coordinants: 38.889288, -77.050123
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Memorial
#3 - Korean War Memorial
The monument, built from 100 tons of black granite, consists of a triangle intersecting a circle, with more than 2,500 photographs engraved in the granite. The 19 statues, representing each branch of the armed forces, stand 7-7.5 feet tall and weigh around 1,000 lbs each. When reflected on the wall, there appear to be 38 soldiers, representing the 38th parallel.
Coordinants: 38.887715, -77.047325
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War_Veterans_Memorial
#4 - Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial
The monument will be located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Current plans are for the memorial to have three underlying themes: justice, democracy and hope-highlighted by the use of water, stone and trees respectively throughout the memorial. The foundation's leaders estimate the memorial will take 20 months to complete with a total cost of $120 million USD.
Coordinants: 38.886206, -77.044310
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King_Memorial#Fees_to_King_family
#5 - District of Columbia War Memorial
The District of Columbia War Memorial commemorates the citizens of the District of Columbia who served in World War I. It was dedicated in 1931 by president Herbert Hoover, making it the oldest war memorial in DC.
Coordinants: 38.887500, -77.043611
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DC_War_memorial
#6 - World War II Memorial
The World War II memorial was completed in April 2004 and dedicated the next month. Only $16 of the $197 million raised for the memorial was provided by the federal government. Each of the 56 pillars bears the name of a state or territory, and a pair of arches surrounds the plaza and fountain. The Freedom Wall has 4,048 gold stars, each representing 100 Americans who died in the war. The plaza is 337 ft, 10 in long and 240 feet, 2 inches wide, is sunk 6 feet below grade, and contains a pool that is 246 feet 9 inches by 147 feet 8 inches.
Coordinants: 38.889379, -77.040841
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWII_Memorial
#7 - Lincoln Reflecting Pool
The Lincoln Memorial Reflecting pool was constructed in 1922 and 1923. It is approximately 2,029 feet long (over a third of a mile) and 167 feet wide, making it the largest reflecting pool in DC. It has a depth of approximately 18 inches (46 cm) on the sides and 30 inches (76 cm) in the center, and holds 6,750,000 U.S. gallons
Coordinants: 38.889560, -77.042512
#8 - Constitution Gardens
The land that became Constitution Gardens was originally submerged beneath the Potomac River and was dredged at the beginning of the 20th century by the Army Corps of Engineers. During WWI, the US Navy built offices on the land. A memorial to the 56 Signers of the declaration of independence can be found on the small island on the lake.
Coordinants: 38.891111, -77.042902
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_Gardens
#9 - Washington Monument
The Washington Monument, standing at just over 555 feet, is the tallest structure in DC, the world's tallest stone structure and the world's tallest obelisk. Construction began in 1848, stopped in 1858, resumed after the civil war, and was completed in 1884. A difference in shading of the marble, visible approximately 150 feet (46 m) or 27% up, shows where construction was halted for a number of years. The monument consists of 36,491 blocks and weighs 90,854 tons. In 30mph wind, the monument only sways .125 inches.
Coordinants: 38.889457, -77.035198
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Monument
#10 - Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
Construction on the monument began in 1912, and was completed in 1920. The Grant Memorial includes the second largest equestrian statue (weighing 10,700 lbs) in the United States. The platform for the monument, made of Vermont marble, is 252 feet (77 m) long and 71 feet (22 m) wide.
Coordinants: 38.889780, -77.012929
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grant_Memorial

Content from Wikipedia is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.
View more tours of Washington D.C. DC

Creative Commons License
Home - Create Tour - Find Tour - Edit Tour - FAQ
Help - Suggest a Feature - Terms of Use - 10StopTours Blog