St. Louis

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St. Louis was founded in 1764 and became a major port along the Mississippi River after the Louisiana Purchase. The city is best known for Gateway Arch, a 630 foot arch that dominates the skyline, but the city has a lot more to offer.

#1 - Gateway Arch
Construction for Gateway Arch was completed in 1965, and the structure was inaugurated in 1968. The total cost was $13 million (~$100 million today). At 630 feet tall, Gateway Arch is the tallest man-made monument in the United States. The arch was built to serve as a symbol of westward expansion in the United States, and to create jobs in the recovering economy. Property for the historic site was obtained in 1935, the design was approved in 1948. Each year, about 4 million people visit the arch and about a quarter of those people travel to the top. The structure is constructed of concrete and stainless steel, and is estimated to weigh 42,878 tons. The base had only a tolerance of 1/64 inches in order for the two legs to meet at the top. While connecting the two legs, the steel structures had to be cooled by water to prevent the metal from expanding in the day's heat. Contrary to popular belief, the arch was not constructed for the St. Louis World Fair (which occurred in 1904).
Coordinants: 38.624498, -90.184793
#2 - Mississippi River
The Mississippi River is the largest drainage system in the United states, draining water from Canada to New Orleans. It is the fourth longest river in the world. The rich silt deposits of the Mississippi River have created some of the most fertile regions in the country. There are 43 dams north of St. Louis, 14 of which generate hydroelectric power. The river discharges 200,000-700,000 cubic feet of water per second, and it takes approximately 90 days for water at the beginning of the river to flow into the Gulf of Mexico.
Coordinants: 38.628800, -90.181451
#3 - Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis
Construction of the cathedral began in 1907 and was completed in 1914. Although the structure was completed in 1914, it was not consecrated until 1926. Even after consecration, completion of the cathedral's mosaics was not accomplished until 1988. The interior of the cathedral contains an amazing array of mosaics which rivals cathedrals in Europe, and is sure to amaze visitors.
Coordinants: 38.642471, -90.254756
#4 - Missouri History Museum
The Missouri History Museum is a history museum located in St. Louis, Missouri in Forest Park showcasing Missouri history. The museum is operated by the Missouri Historical Society and was founded in 1866. The main galleries of the museum are free through a public subsidy by the Metropolitan Zoological Park and Museum District. The Jefferson Memorial Building, which houses the museum, was built in 1913 with profits from the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
Coordinants: 38.645400, -90.285344
#5 - St. Louis Zoo
The St. Louis Zoo is located in Forest Park in St. Louis, Missouri. It is recognized as a leading zoo in animal management, research, conservation, and education. The zoo is open to the public and admission is free (though fees are charged for some attractions inside the zoo). The zoo began as a single exhibit in the 1904 St. Louis World Fair.
Coordinants: 38.636308, -90.292093
#6 - Forest Park
Forest Park is a prominent civic center and covers 1,371 acres (5.55 km2).[1] The park, which opened in 1876, more than a decade after its proposal, has hosted several significant events, including the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904 and the 1904 Summer Olympics. Bounded by Skinker Boulevard, Lindell Boulevard, Kingshighway Boulevard, and Oakland Avenue, the park is known as the "heart of St. Louis" and features a variety of attractions, including the St. Louis Zoo, the Saint Louis Art Museum, the Missouri History Museum, and the St. Louis Science Center.
Coordinants: 38.636919, -90.285387
#7 - St. Louis Science Center
The Saint Louis Science Center, founded as a planetarium in 1963, is a collection of buildings including a science museum and planetarium in St. Louis, Missouri, on the southeastern corner of Forest Park. With over 750 exhibits in a complex of over 300,000 square feet, it is among the largest of its type in the country and has been voted one of the top 5 science centers in the United States. In 1991, it was the most visited science center in the world, and hosts about 1.2 million visitors each year
Coordinants: 38.629156, -90.270589
#8 - Missouri Botanical Garden
The Missouri Botanical Garden was founded in 1859 by botanist and philanthropist, Henry Shaw. Informally, it is also called Shaw's Garden. The Garden is a place for many annual cultural festivals, including the Japanese Festival and the Chinese Culture Days. The garden features: a rose garden, a woodland garden, a butterfly house, and a visitor's center.
Coordinants: 38.616679, -90.257900
#9 - Anheuser-Busch Brewery
Anheuser-Busch Brewery opened its doors in 1852. Since then, it has grown to 142 acres by buying out the surrounding community, including the grade school that Adolphus Busch attended. Anheuser-Busch has been the largest brewer in the US since 1957, with 13 breweries scattered across the US. This facility houses 64 enormous fermentation tanks, which are used to brew a variety of the AB brands. Visitors are invited to take a free outdoor walking tour of the facilities (brewing, fermenting, packaging), and those 21 year of age receive free samples at the conclusion of the tour. Each day, AB has several of their famous Clydesdale horses on display.
Coordinants: 38.599216, -90.214463
#10 - Grant's Farm and Historic Site
Grant's Farm is a historic farm and long-standing landmark in Grantwood Village, Missouri. The property was at one time owned by Ulysses S. Grant and prior to that, by the Dent family. It is now owned by the Busch family, who owned the Anheuser-Busch Brewing Company for many years. Grant's farm is an animal reserve, and is open to the public during the warm months. Admission is free, though parking costs $12. Many of the Budweiser Clydesdales can be found exercising at Grant Park. Across the street, the house of Ulysses S. Grant is preserved by the National Park System as a Historic Site.
Coordinants: 38.550825, -90.352302

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